The fourth model of the Panamera was introduced at the 2016 Paris Motor Show. It was the enhanced plug-in hybrid version, named 4 E-Hybrid. Porsche was one of the pioneers of hybrid mobility since the Lohner-Porsche model unveiled in 1900 at the Paris Exhibition. More than a century later, the German carmaker chose the same city to show its evolved hybrid vehicle.
The second generation of the Panamera showed up in 2016 and its design fixed all the problems of the first generation. The nice look of a four-door coupe, combined with the exterior details of the vehicle, made it up for those who waited and trusted the Porsche brand. It looked like a stretched 911 model, but with the engine in the front. The 4-LED headlights fitted as standard were one of the key design elements that made the car attractive. As a distinctive detail, the 4 E-Hybrid featured the electric-green brake calipers and the green “hybrid” badges on the fenders and on the trunk lid.
The interior was fitted with a wide 12.3” touch-screen as a central PCM (Porsche Communication Management) unit mounted at the same level as the steering wheel, on the center stack. It was for accessing various information and setting for the hybrid system as well.
The hybrid system deserved most of the attention. It was the first all-wheel-drive Panamera hybrid. It was fitted with a more powerful electric motor and a twin-turbo 2.9-liter V6 gasoline engine. The powerplant was fitted to an 8-speed automatic gearbox. Its predecessors were fitted with rear-wheel-drive only. The Panamera 4 E-hybrid always started in electric mode and turned on its gasoline unit later. That helped the car to achieve a 50 km (31 miles) of electric range. Its Li-ion battery pack could store up to 15.1 kWh, almost 50% more than its predecessor.
The 2016 Paris Motor Show will see Porsche unveil the fourth model in the Panamera line: the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid with controlled all-wheel drive and an electric range of 50 kilometres. The vehicle generates some 340 kW (462 hp) of system power and delivers fuel consumption figures of 2.5 l/100 km in the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) for plug-in hybrid models. That corresponds to CO2 emissions of 56 g/km. The Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is available to order now, with prices starting at EUR 107,553 including VAT in Germany.
Purely electric range of 50 kilometres
At Porsche, the term “hybrid” is synonymous with not only sustainable mobility, but performance too – a fact proven not least by the victory of the 919 Hybrid in the 24 Hours of Le Mans race in 2015 and 2016. This philosophy is now also defining the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid.
The new Porsche plug-in hybrid always starts in purely electric mode and drives without generating any local emissions within a range of 50 kilometres and a maximum speed of 140 km/h. And yet this Panamera too is a sportscar among the luxury saloons: The all-wheel Porsche achieves a top speed of 278 km/h and delivers a system torque of 700 Nm from stationary without hesitation. The four-door hybrid sports car breaks the 100 km/h barrier in just 4.6 seconds. The torque is transferred to all four wheels and the standard three-chamber air suspension ensures an optimum balance between comfort and dynamism at all times.
New hybrid strategy based on the Porsche 918 Spyder
The superlative performance is no accident: The new Panamera 4 E-Hybrid features a hybrid strategy never before seen in this segment – a strategy based on the 918 Spyder. The 652 kW (887 hp) 918 Spyder is the fastest series-produced vehicle ever to circumnavigate the Nürburgring Nordschleife. Its record lap time of 6:57 minutes can in part be attributed to the additional power provided by two electric motors.
As with the 918 Spyder, the power of the Panamera electric motor – 100 kW (136 hp) and 400 Nm torque – is made available as soon as the driver touches the accelerator pedal. On the predecessor model, the pedal needed to be pressed at least 80 per cent of the way down to unleash the additional power of the electric drive. Now, the electric motor and petrol engine interact in perfect harmony from the very outset.
Like with the 918 Spyder, the electric motor is available to deliver additional power at all times. This, together with the performance characteristics of the new 2.9-litre V6 biturbo engine (243 kW/330 hp/450 Nm), generates an impressive boost scenario based on electric motor and turbochargers.
In the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid, the electrical energy is also used to increase the car’s top speed. At Porsche, this new type of “E-Performance” – more power, more driving fun, lower fuel consumption – is seen as the performance kit of the future.
New hybrid module and fast-shifting eight-speed PDK
Together with the V6 petrol engine decoupler, the electric motor heralds the new generation of the Porsche hybrid module. In contrast to the electro-hydraulic system of the predecessor model, the decoupler on the new Panamera is actuated electromechanically by an electric clutch actuator (ECA), resulting in even shorter response times.
As on the other second-generation Panamera models, a new, extremely fast and efficient-shifting Porsche eight-speed Doppelkupplung (PDK) transmission is used to transmit the power to the all-wheel drive. This transmission replaces the eight-speed automatic torque converter transmission on the predecessor model.
The electric motor is supplied with power via a liquid-cooled lithium-ion battery. And despite the fact that the energy content of the battery (which is integrated under the luggage compartment floor) has been increased from 9.4 to 14.1 kWh, its weight has remained the same. The high-voltage battery takes just 5.8 hours to fully charge via a 230-V, 10-A connection. If the driver chooses to use the optional 7.2 kW on-board charger and a 230-V, 32-A connection instead of the standard 3.6-kW charger on the Panamera, the battery fully charges in just 3.6 hours. The charging process can also be started using a timer via Porsche Communication Management (PCM) or the Porsche Car Connect app (for smartphones and Apple Watch). Moreover, the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is fitted as standard with auxiliary air conditioning to cool or heat the passenger compartment during charging.
Porsche Advanced Cockpit with hybrid-specific displays
One highlight of the second-generation Panamera is the newly designed display and control concept in the form of the standard Porsche Advanced Cockpit with touch-sensitive panels and individually configurable displays. Two seven-inch screens either side of the analogue rev counter form the interactive cockpit, and, in contrast to the other versions in the model line, the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid features a power meter tailored to hybrid operation. The intuitive operating principle of the hybrid-specific displays is similar to that used in the Porsche 918 Spyder super sportscar. The power meter provides data such as the amount of electrical energy currently being used as well as that recovered through recuperation.
A 12.3-inch touchscreen functions as a central PCM control and display unit. The driver can access various items of hybrid-specific information both here on the dash and in the instrument cluster. The boost assistant and hybrid assistant are both practical and informative. The boost assistant display shows the energy available for boosting, while the hybrid assistant provides various visual signals for regulating the electrical drive power.
Ultimate efficiency in “Hybrid Auto” mode
The Sport Chrono Package including the mode switch integrated into the steering wheel forms part of the standard equipment on the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid. The mode switch and Porsche Communication Management are used to activate the various driving modes. These modes include the familiar “Sport” and “Sport Plus” modes from the other Panamera models equipped with the Sport Chrono Package. The hybrid-specific modes are “E-Power”, “Hybrid Auto”, “E-Hold” and “E-Charge”.
The Panamera 4 E-Hybrid always starts in the purely electric “E-Power” mode. The “Hybrid Auto” mode is a completely new development. When this mode is selected, the Panamera changes and combines the drive sources automatically for ultimate efficiency.
The “E-Hold” mode allows drivers to consciously conserve the current state of charge to enable them to switch to electric and therefore zero-emissions mode in an environmental zone at their destination, for example. In “E-Charge” mode, the battery is charged by the V6 engine; to achieve this, the petrol engine generates a higher level of power than is actually needed for driving.
The highest level of drive performance is made available in the “Sport” and “Sport Plus” modes. The V6 biturbo engine is active continuously in these modes. In “Sport” mode, the battery charge is always maintained at a minimum level to ensure there are sufficient e-boost reserve capacities when needed.
“Sport Plus” mode is all about maximum performance and allows the Panamera to reach its top speed of 278 km/h. This mode also recharges the battery as quickly as possible with the help of the V6 biturbo engine.
The Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is now available to order in Europe
In Germany, the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid, available to order now, starts at 107,553 euros including VAT. The first units in Europe will be delivered from mid-April. Deliveries in all other continents will follow in 2017. The plug-in hybrid version is the fourth model in the new Porsche Panamera line; all models are all-wheel drive. The line now consists of the Panamera Turbo (404 kW/550 hp), the Panamera 4S (324 kW/440 hp), the Panamera 4S Diesel (310 kW/422 hp) and the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid (340 kW/462 hp system power). These four models represent a fusion of sportscar and passenger car to form a Gran Turismo concept offering a globally unique combination of dynamism and comfort.