You might first want to see all the generations of Panamera
Porsche Panamera 971 (2016-...)
Date of unveil of official photos: 4S, Turbo: June 28, 2016, Hybrid: September 9, 2016
Premiere: Press premiere on June 28, 2016 in Berlin
Market launch: 4S, Turbo: November 5, 2016, Hybrid: April 2017
Technical specifications and comparison
|Intro||Modification||Gen.||Gearbox||Drive||Engine||kW||lb-ft||Nm||0-60 mph||0-100 km/h||mph||km/h||DIN kg||DIN lb|
|2016||Panamera Turbo 2.9||971||PDK 8-speed||RWD||Audi V6||243||331||450||5.4/*5.2 sec.||5.7/*5.5 sec.||164||264||1815||4001|
|2016||Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6||243||331||450||5.2/*5.0 sec.||5.5/*5.3 sec.||163||262||1850||4079|
|2016||Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 LWB||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6||243||331||450||5.3/*5.1 sec.||5.6/*5.4 sec.||163||262||1935||4266|
|2016||Panamera 4 Hybrid Turbo 2.9||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6 243 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
|340||515||700||*4.4 sec.||*4.6 sec.||173||278||2170||4784|
|2016||Panamera 4 Hybrid Turbo 2.9 LWB||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6 243 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
|340||515||700||*4.5 sec.||*4.7 sec.||173||278||2250||4960|
|2016||Panamera 4S Diesel Turbo 4.0||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V8||310||625||850||4.3/*4.1 sec.||4.5/*4.3 sec.||177||285||2050||4519|
|2016||Panamera 4S Turbo 2.9||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6||324||404||550||4.2/*4.0 sec.||4.4/*4.2 sec.||180||289||1870||4122|
|2016||Panamera 4S Turbo 2.9 LWB||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi V6||324||404||550||4.3/*4.1 sec.||4.5/*4.3 sec.||180||289||1980||4365|
|2016||Panamera Turbo 4.0||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi-Porsche V8||404||566||770||3.6/*3.4 sec.||3.8/*3.6 sec.||190||306||1995||4398|
|2016||Panamera Turbo 4.0 LWB||971||PDK 8-speed||4WD||Audi-Porsche V8||404||566||770||3.7/*3.5 sec.||3.9/*3.7 sec.||190||306||2100||4630|
|2014||Panamera Turbo S 4.8||970.2||PDK 7-speed||4WD||Porsche V8||419||*588||*800||*3.6 sec.||*3.8 sec.||193||310||1995||4398|
Weight of German versions with standard equipment. DIN weight = car with 90% fuel, no driver, no cargo.
The Panamera introduced in 2016 as a 2017 model, has many internal codes: the Porsche code is 971 and the Volkswagen code is 97A for shport wheel base model and 97B for long wheel base. The option and build codes are from Volkswagen like with the Cayenne and the Macan (the Panamera 970 had Porsche sports car option codes).
Interior design was top class already with the 970 and is enhanced with the 971. The exterior design is very good, and not only because the previous Panamera 970 had hump on the back. The Panamera 971 is 5049 mm long (+34 mm), 1937 mm wide (+6 mm) and 1423 mm tall (+5 mm). Making it taller helped to cure away the hump. The wheelbase was increased by 30 mm to 2950 mm. The rear doors of the long wheelbase (LWB) Executive versions are 5.9"/150 mm longer. With use of more aluminium, the body weight of the 970 generation could be maintained.
With the Panamera 970 generations (970.1 and 970.2) most of the engines were manufactured by Porsche in Stuttgart (with the exception of Panamera Diesel and Panamera Hybrid that had Audi engines). The new 4.0-litre V8 engines are still manufactured in Stuttgart, but these are not "Porsche only" engines anymore. The V8 engines built in the new factory in Stuttgart will be used in all VW group V8 cars, first of all Audi and Porsche.The 4.0 V8 turbo engine was introduced in the 2013 Audi RS6. The engine has its hot side inward, meaning the turbochargers are between the cylinder heads. The same idea - to have the headers between the V - was used for Porsche 918 Spyder (although it was normally aspirated). The 4.0 V8 is capable of switching off four cylinders and to become a 2.0 V4 to save a bit of fuel. At hard press of the throttle pedal the sleeping four cylinders awake in 0.3 seconds. While the Panamera Turbo 4.0 has 404 kW, its internal rival, Audi RS7 4.0 has 445 kW.
The 2.9-litre V6 twin-turbo in the other petrol engined Panameras is similar in design to the V8, but the V6 is not made by Porsche. Remember, the Panamera 970.1 S/4S had the Porsche 4.8 V8 and the Panamera 970.2 had the Porsche turbo 3.0 V6.
The drivetrain and chassis
For the first time the PDK gearbox has 8 speeds - to save fuel. The top speed is still reached on the 6th gear. The 4WD system is like in the other Porsche models except Cayenne (which has permanent 4WD): if the rear wheels threaten to spin under acceleration, a greater proportion of drive force is distributed to the front by a more powerful engagement of the multi-plate clutch.
New PDCCS Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control Sport and PTV+ Porsche Torque Vectoring Plus enhance driving dynamics and stability. As a function of steering angle, steering speed, accelerator pedal position, yaw rate and vehicle speed, PTV+ improves steering response and precision by strategic braking of one of the rear wheels. At high speeds and when accelerating out of corners, the electronically controlled rear differential lock with fully variable torque distribution also acts to provide greater driving stability and traction.
Rear axle steering was made available for the Panamera. During low-speed manoeuvres, the system steers the rear wheels in the opposite direction to that of the front wheels and makes parking easier. During high-speed manoeuvres, the system steers the rear wheels in the same direction as the front wheels.
The suspension of the Panamera 970 was too sporty and to win over Mercedes S-class drivers, new air suspension with 3-chamber technology and 60% more air is used (standard in Panamera Hybrid and Turbo 4.0, optional in 4S). New is the Porsche 4D Chassis Control which networks all control units that are relevant to the chassis with one another and optimises comfort.
New and enhanced features
* Panoramic roof (standard on long wheelbase versions)
* Massage function for the seats, front and rear, with 5 programmes and 5 intensity levels. 10 air cushions in the backrest provide a relaxing treat anytime you choose, and not only during the long drives.
* Night Vision Assist provides the driver with information even beyond the range of the headlights. An infrared camera detects pedestrians or large wildlife before they are illuminated by the headlights. A thermal image in the instrument cluster warns the driver: the detected person or animal is highlighted in yellow – or in red and accompanied by an audible signal if within the critical range in front of the car. In combination with PDLS+ Porsche Dynamic Light System Plus, the marker light function briefly flashes the headlight at the pedestrian on the kerbside or in the carriageway three times to alert the driver’s attention.
* Sport Response button on the mode-switch on the steering wheel for easy overtaking. The mode-switch comes with the Sport Chrono package.
* Porsche Advanced Cockpit operating and display concept: in addition to the 12" display, the centre console with Direct Touch Control has a surface in glass look featuring touch-sensitive buttons. Even the louvres of the central air vent are electrically adjusted by touch-sensitive sliders.
* LED Matrix headlights: the matrix beam strategically deactivates specific segments of the permanent main-beam cone. 84 individually controlled LEDs adapt to the situation ahead by switching off or dimming accordingly. Vehicles in front or in the oncoming lane are no longer dazzled, while the areas in between and to the side continue to receive full illumination. To optimise target fixation, not only are the lights selectively dimmed to fade out oncoming vehicles, the area to the right of the light void is lit more brightly for better guidance of the driver’s visual attention.
* Surround View system supplements the reversing camera with three more high-resolution cameras – one in the front apron and others under exterior mirrors. Based on the video from all 4 cameras, the system generates a virtual bird’s eye view of the car and displays it on the screen. It is also possible to switch between various camera views to improve visibility, e.g. at narrow exits.
* Lane Keeping Assist is a camera-based system for automatic detection of divider line markings on the road. The system eases the burden on the driver by providing steering assistance, helping to keep the vehicle in lane. Integrated traffic sign recognition uses a camera and navigation data to detect speed limits.
* Lane Change Assist uses radar sensors to monitor the areas to the rear of the vehicle and the blind spots on either side. During low-speed turns, new Turn Safety Assist improves safety at the rear. Once you’ve arrived at an intersection, Turn Assist issues a visual warning if it detects objects approaching in the blind spots behind your vehicle.
* Rear Seat Entertainment units are removable, making them convenient to use outside the vehicle, too.
* Porsche InnoDrive enhances adaptive cruise control and predictively optimises the speed. With the aid of navigation data and information supplied by the radar and video sensors, the system determines speed limits and topographical road features, such as gradients or corner radii, along your route even before you reach them – and modifies the gearshift strategy and speed of the Panamera accordingly. At speeds of up to 37 mph/60 km/h, the Traffic Jam Assist uses gentle steering inputs to keep the vehicle in the middle of the lane, regulates the distance from vehicles in front and follows the queue ahead where system limitations allow.
Evolution of the hybrid Panamera
|Launch||Gen.||Model||Plug-in||Electric range||Gearbox||Drive||ICE||El.motor||Combined power||Acceleration||Vmax||DIN weight|
|2016||971||Panamera 4 E-Hybrid
|4WD||Audi V6 243 kW
|4.4 sec.0-60 mph
4.6 sec. 0-100 km/h
|2013||970.2||Panamera S E-Hybrid
|RWD||Audi V6 245 kW
|5.2 sec.0-60 mph
5.5 sec. 0-100 km/h
|2011||970.1||Panamera S Hybrid
|RWD||Audi V6 245 kW
|5.7 sec.0-60 mph
6.0 sec. 0-100 km/h
Looking at the tech specs of the three generations of the Panamera Hybrid, it is clear the first generation was far from tolerable (almost zero electric drive range, no 4WD, no PDK, no Porsche engine and excessive body weight). The most important feature of the electric-hybrid car is its all-electric range and that is a figure that has been improved considerably compared to the earlier generations. The battery has been increased from 9.4 to 14.1 kWh. While the earlier Panamera hybrids were available only with 2-wheel-drive, the Panamera 4 hybrid is a 4WD car. Maximum speed in electric mode is 87 mph/140 km/h. The torque of the electric motor (294 lb-ft/400 Nm) is made available as soon as you touch the accelerator pedal (on the predecessor model, the pedal needed to be pressed at least 80% of the way to unleash the additional power of the electric drive).
E-Power: the car always starts in this purely electric mode
Hybrid Auto: the car changes and combines the drive sources automatically for ultimate efficiency
E-Hold: this mode allows drivers to consciously conserve the state of charge to enable them to switch to electric mode in an environmental zone at their destination
E-Charge: the battery is charged by the ICE (internal combustion engine) and to achieve this, the petrol engine generates more power than is actually needed for driving
The highest level of drive performance is made available in the “Sport” and “Sport Plus” modes. “Sport Plus” mode allows to reach the top speed. This mode also recharges the battery as quickly as possible with the help of the ICE.
Already the first generation 2011 Panamera Hybrid was blaimed for its handling compared to the lighter non-hybrid versions, then what to think of the handling of the second generation (+115 kg/+253 lb) or of the third generation (+190 kg/+418 lb). The Panamera 4 Hybrid (or E-Hybrid as it is called to show it is a plug-in-hybrid) is 300 kg/661 lb heavier than the Panamera 4S with the same engine, gearbox and drive layout.
While the Panamera 970 bodies were manufactured and painted at the Volkswagen factory in Hanover (between 2009-2016), the Panamera 971 is fully produced at the factory in Leipzig.
Nürburgring Nordschleife lap record for 4-door cars
In the hands of Porsche test driver Lars Kern, the prototype of the 2017 model year Panamera Turbo 4.0 was able to lap the Nürburgring Nordschleife in just 7 minutes and 38 seconds. The previous record for 4-door cars was from 2015 when Alfa Romeo Giulia Quadrifoglio (2.9V6 turbo 375 kW, 6-speed manual, 1555 kg DIN) did it in 7:39.
PDF 2016/06 Panamera 4S, Diesel, Turbo (6 MB)
PDF 2016/06 Panamera 4S, Diesel, Turbo In German/Deutsch (6 MB)
© James Herne / Stuttcars.com
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