Porsche Panamera 971 (2016-...)

Date of unveil of official photos: 4S, Turbo: June 28, 2016, Hybrid: September 9, 2016, Turbo S Hybrid February 24, 2017
Premiere: Press premiere on June 28, 2016 in Berlin, Turbo S Hybrid on March 7, 2017 Geneva Motor Show
Market launch: 4S, Turbo: November 5, 2016, Hybrid: April 2017, Turbo S Hybrid July 2017, Sport Turismo October 7, 2017

© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 side view
Sport Turismo © Porsche

Technical specifications Panamera 971 sedan

Modification Gearbox Drive Engine kW lb-ft Nm 0-60 mph 0-100 km/h mph km/h DIN kg DIN lb
Panamera Turbo 2.9 PDK 8-speed RWD Audi V6 243 331 450 5.4/*5.2 sec. 5.7/*5.5 sec. 164 264 1815 4001
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 331 450 5.2/*5.0 sec. 5.5/*5.3 sec. 163 262 1850 4079
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 Hybrid PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
340 515 700 *4.4 sec. *4.6 sec. 173 278 2170 4784
Panamera 4S Diesel Turbo 4.0 PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V8 310 625 850 4.3/*4.1 sec. 4.5/*4.3 sec. 177 285 2050 4519
Panamera 4S Turbo 2.9 PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 324 404 550 4.2/*4.0 sec. 4.4/*4.2 sec. 180 289 1870 4122
Panamera Turbo 4.0 PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 566 770 3.6/*3.4 sec. 3.8/*3.6 sec. 190 306 1995 4398
Panamera Turbo S 4.0 Hybrid PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
500 625 850 *3.2 sec. *3.4 sec. 193 310 2310 5093

Technical specifications Panamera 971 Executive long-wheel-base (LWB) versions

Modification Gearbox Drive Engine kW lb-ft Nm 0-60 mph 0-100 km/h mph km/h DIN kg DIN lb
Panamera Turbo 2.9 LWB (China) PDK 8-speed RWD Audi V6 243 331 450 5.5/*5.3 sec. 5.8/*5.6 sec. 164 264 1954 4308
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 LWB PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 331 450 5.3/*5.1 sec. 5.6/*5.4 sec. 163 262 1935 4266
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 Hybrid LWB PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
340 515 700 *4.5 sec. *4.7 sec. 173 278 2250 4960
Panamera 4S Turbo 2.9 LWB PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 324 404 550 4.3/*4.1 sec. 4.5/*4.3 sec. 180 289 1980 4365
Panamera Turbo 4.0 LWB PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 566 770 3.7/*3.5 sec. 3.9/*3.7 sec. 190 306 2100 4630
Panamera Turbo S 4.0 Hybrid LWB PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
500 625 850 *3.3 sec. *3.5 sec. 193 310 2410 5313

Technical specifications Panamera 971 Sport Turismo

Modification Gearbox Drive Engine kW lb-ft Nm 0-60 mph 0-100 km/h mph km/h DIN kg DIN lb
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 Sport Turismo PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 331 450 5.2/*5.0 sec. 5.5/*5.3 sec. 161 259 1880 4145
Panamera 4 Turbo 2.9 Hybrid Sport Turismo PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 243 kW
+ 100 kW el.motor
340 515 700 *4.4 sec. *4.6 sec. 171 275 2190 4828
Panamera 4S Diesel Turbo 4.0 Sport Turismo PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V8 310 625 850 4.3/*4.1 sec. 4.5/*4.3 sec. 175 282 2095 4619
Panamera 4S Turbo 2.9 Sport Turismo PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi V6 324 404 550 4.2/*4.0 sec. 4.4/*4.2 sec. 178 286 1915 4222
Panamera Turbo 4.0 Sport Turismo PDK 8-speed 4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 566 770 3.6/*3.4 sec. 3.8/*3.6 sec. 189 304 2035 4486
* Sport Chrono Pack/Launch Control
Weight of German versions with standard equipment. DIN weight = car with 90% fuel, no driver, no cargo.

Panamera Sport Turismo and Coupé 2017 2018
© Porsche

The Panamera introduced in 2016 as a 2017 model, has many internal codes: the Porsche code is 971 and the Volkswagen code is 97A for shport wheel base model and 97B for long wheel base. The option and build codes are from Volkswagen like with the Cayenne and the Macan (the Panamera 970 had Porsche sports car option codes).

The body

Interior design was top class already with the 970 and is enhanced with the 971. The exterior design is very good, and not only because the previous Panamera 970 had hump on the back. The Panamera 971 is 5049 mm long (+34 mm), 1937 mm wide (+6 mm) and 1423 mm tall (+5 mm). Making it taller helped to cure away the hump. The wheelbase was increased by 30 mm to 2950 mm. The rear doors of the long wheelbase (LWB) Executive versions are 5.9"/150 mm longer. With use of more aluminium, the body weight of the 970 generation could be maintained.

The engines

With the Panamera 970 generations (970.1 and 970.2) most of the engines were manufactured by Porsche in Stuttgart (with the exception of Panamera Diesel and Panamera Hybrid that had Audi engines). The new 4.0-litre V8 engines are still manufactured in Stuttgart, but these are not "Porsche only" engines anymore. The V8 engines built in the new factory in Stuttgart are used in all VW group V8 cars, first of all Audi and Porsche.

The 4.0 V8 turbo engine was introduced in the 2013 Audi RS6. The engine has its hot side inward, meaning the turbochargers are between the cylinder heads. The same idea - to have the headers between the V - was used for Porsche 918 Spyder (although it was normally aspirated). The 4.0 V8 is capable of switching off four cylinders and to become a 2.0 V4 to save a bit of fuel. At hard press of the throttle pedal the sleeping four cylinders awake in 0.3 seconds. While the Panamera Turbo 4.0 has 404 kW, its internal rival, Audi RS7 4.0 has 445 kW.

The 2.9-litre V6 twin-turbo in the other petrol engined Panameras is similar in design to the V8, but the V6 is not made by Porsche. Remember, the Panamera 970.1 S/4S had the Porsche 4.8 V8 and the Panamera 970.2 had the Porsche turbo 3.0 V6.

The drivetrain and chassis

For the first time the PDK gearbox has 8 speeds - to save fuel. The top speed is still reached on the 6th gear. The 4WD system is like in the other Porsche models except Cayenne (which has permanent 4WD): if the rear wheels threaten to spin under acceleration, a greater proportion of drive force is distributed to the front by a more powerful engagement of the multi-plate clutch.

New PDCCS Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control Sport and PTV+ Porsche Torque Vectoring Plus enhance driving dynamics and stability. The active anti-roll stabilization system is now electromechanical. The earlier hydraulic system required a permanently powered pump and therefore used more energy than does the new electromechanical solution which is active only temporarily. Electric system is also faster. As a function of steering angle, steering speed, accelerator pedal position, yaw rate and vehicle speed, PTV+ improves steering response and precision by strategic braking of one of the rear wheels. At high speeds and when accelerating out of corners, the electronically controlled rear differential lock with fully variable torque distribution also acts to provide greater driving stability and traction.

Rear axle steering was made available for the Panamera. During low-speed manoeuvres, the system steers the rear wheels in the opposite direction to that of the front wheels and makes parking easier. During high-speed manoeuvres, the system steers the rear wheels in the same direction as the front wheels.

The suspension of the Panamera 970 was too sporty and to win over Mercedes S-class drivers, new air suspension with 3-chamber technology and 60% more air is used (standard in Panamera Hybrid and Turbo 4.0, optional in 4S). New is the Porsche 4D Chassis Control which networks all control units that are relevant to the chassis with one another and optimises comfort.

New and enhanced features

* Panoramic roof (standard on long wheelbase versions)
* Massage function for the seats, front and rear, with 5 programmes and 5 intensity levels. 10 air cushions in the backrest provide a relaxing treat anytime you choose, and not only during the long drives.
* Night Vision Assist provides the driver with information even beyond the range of the headlights. An infrared camera detects pedestrians or large wildlife before they are illuminated by the headlights. A thermal image in the instrument cluster warns the driver: the detected person or animal is highlighted in yellow – or in red and accompanied by an audible signal if within the critical range in front of the car. In combination with PDLS+ Porsche Dynamic Light System Plus, the marker light function briefly flashes the headlight at the pedestrian on the kerbside or in the carriageway three times to alert the driver’s attention.
* Sport Response button on the mode-switch on the steering wheel for easy overtaking. The mode-switch comes with the Sport Chrono package.
* Porsche Advanced Cockpit operating and display concept: in addition to the 12" display, the centre console with Direct Touch Control has a surface in glass look featuring touch-sensitive buttons. Even the louvres of the central air vent are electrically adjusted by touch-sensitive sliders.
* LED Matrix headlights: the matrix beam strategically deactivates specific segments of the permanent main-beam cone. 84 individually controlled LEDs adapt to the situation ahead by switching off or dimming accordingly. Vehicles in front or in the oncoming lane are no longer dazzled, while the areas in between and to the side continue to receive full illumination. To optimise target fixation, not only are the lights selectively dimmed to fade out oncoming vehicles, the area to the right of the light void is lit more brightly for better guidance of the driver’s visual attention.
* Surround View system supplements the reversing camera with three more high-resolution cameras – one in the front apron and others under exterior mirrors. Based on the video from all 4 cameras, the system generates a virtual bird’s eye view of the car and displays it on the screen. It is also possible to switch between various camera views to improve visibility, e.g. at narrow exits.
* Lane Keeping Assist is a camera-based system for automatic detection of divider line markings on the road. The system eases the burden on the driver by providing steering assistance, helping to keep the vehicle in lane. Integrated traffic sign recognition uses a camera and navigation data to detect speed limits.
* Lane Change Assist uses radar sensors to monitor the areas to the rear of the vehicle and the blind spots on either side. During low-speed turns, new Turn Safety Assist improves safety at the rear. Once you’ve arrived at an intersection, Turn Assist issues a visual warning if it detects objects approaching in the blind spots behind your vehicle.
* Rear Seat Entertainment units are removable, making them convenient to use outside the vehicle, too.
* Porsche InnoDrive enhances adaptive cruise control and predictively optimises the speed. With the aid of navigation data and information supplied by the radar and video sensors, the system determines speed limits and topographical road features, such as gradients or corner radii, along your route even before you reach them – and modifies the gearshift strategy and speed of the Panamera accordingly. At speeds of up to 37 mph/60 km/h, the Traffic Jam Assist uses gentle steering inputs to keep the vehicle in the middle of the lane, regulates the distance from vehicles in front and follows the queue ahead where system limitations allow.

Evolution of the hybrid Panamera

Launch Gen. Model Plug-in Electric range Gearbox Drive ICE El.motor Combined power Acceleration Vmax DIN weight
2017 971 Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid
Turbo 4.0
Yes 31 miles
50 km
PDK
8-speed
4WD Audi-Porsche V8 404 kW
556 lb-ft
770 Nm
100 kW
294 lb-ft
400 Nm
500 kW
625 lb-ft
850 Nm
3.2 sec.0-60 mph
3.4 sec. 0-100 km/h
193 mph
310 km/h
5093 lb
2310 kg
2016 971 Panamera 4 E-Hybrid
Turbo 2.9
Yes 31 miles
50 km
PDK
8-speed
4WD Audi V6 243 kW
331 lb-ft
450 Nm
100 kW
294 lb-ft
400 Nm
340 kW
515 lb-ft
700 Nm
4.4 sec.0-60 mph
4.6 sec. 0-100 km/h
173 mph
278 km/h
4784 lb
2170 kg
2013 970.2 Panamera S E-Hybrid
Supercharged 3.0
Yes 22 miles
36 km
Tiptronic
8-speed
RWD Audi V6 245 kW
324 lb-ft
440 Nm
70 kW
228 lb-ft
310 Nm
306 kW
434 lb-ft
590 Nm
5.2 sec.0-60 mph
5.5 sec. 0-100 km/h
168 mph
270 km/h
4619 lb
2095 kg
2011 970.1 Panamera S Hybrid
Supercharged 3.0
No 1 mile
2 km
Tiptronic
8-speed
RWD Audi V6 245 kW
324 lb-ft
440 Nm
34 kW
221 lb-ft
300 Nm
279 kW
426 lb-ft
580 Nm
5.7 sec.0-60 mph
6.0 sec. 0-100 km/h
168 mph
270 km/h
4365 lb
1980 kg

Looking at the tech specs of the three generations of the Panamera Hybrid, it is clear the first generation was far from tolerable (almost zero electric drive range, no 4WD, no PDK, no Porsche engine and excessive body weight). The most important feature of the electric-hybrid car is its all-electric range and that is a figure that has been improved considerably compared to the earlier generations. The battery has been increased from 9.4 to 14.1 kWh. While the earlier Panamera hybrids were available only with 2-wheel-drive, the 971-generation hybrids are 4WD cars (both axles have drive from gearbox plus both axles have their own electric motor). Maximum speed in electric mode is 87 mph/140 km/h. The torque of the electric motor (294 lb-ft/400 Nm) is made available as soon as you touch the accelerator pedal (on the predecessor model, the pedal needed to be pressed at least 80% of the way to unleash the additional power of the electric drive).

Driving modes:
E-Power: the car always starts in this purely electric mode
Hybrid Auto: the car changes and combines the drive sources automatically for ultimate efficiency
E-Hold: this mode allows drivers to consciously conserve the state of charge to enable them to switch to electric mode in an environmental zone at their destination
E-Charge: the battery is charged by the ICE (internal combustion engine) and to achieve this, the petrol engine generates more power than is actually needed for driving
The highest level of drive performance is made available in the “Sport” and “Sport Plus” modes. “Sport Plus” mode allows to reach the top speed. This mode also recharges the battery as quickly as possible with the help of the ICE.

Already the 970.1-generation Panamera Hybrid was blaimed for its handling compared to the lighter non-hybrid versions, then what to think of the handling of the 970.2-generation (+115 kg/+253 lb), of the 971-generation (+190 kg/+418 lb), its long wheelbase version (Executive), the Turbo S e-hybrid or finally the Turbo S e-hybrid Executive. The Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is 300 kg/661 lb heavier than the Panamera 4S with the same engine, gearbox and drive layout. The Panamera Turbo S e-hybrid is 140 kg/309 lb heavier than the Panamera 4 e-hybrid. Considering the latter already has unbelievable acceleration figures, the heavier Turbo S does not sound as a better car. The Panamera Turbo S e-hybrid Executive is ~600 kg/1325 lb heavier than the basic Panamera. The heaviest version has the rear wheel steering as standard to compensate the handling issues generated by the excessive weight. In 2019 the non-hybrid version will be dropped, so everybody must get used to heavy cars, must get used to the fact that the future sports cars will be more dragsters than circuit racers. Here Porsche is not to blame. If you want, you can blame European Union, the friends of environment/nature/people, but that's not taking you anywhere, not to future. Hybrid and electric cars are for the cleaner future. Before the future is here, consider the basic Panamera 971 is the only rear-wheel-drive (funnest!) Panamera, lightest and it's turbo engine has a lot of potential.

Sport Turismo's moving roof spoiler is a world first

The angle of the roof spoiler is set in 3 stages depending on the driving situation and selected vehicle settings, and generates an additional downforce of up to 50 kg/110 lb on the rear axle. Up to a speed of 105 mph/170 km/h, the aerodynamic guide element of the Porsche Active Aerodynamics (PAA) stays in its retracted position with an angle of -7 degrees, which reduces drag and thus optimises fuel consumption. Above 105 mph/170 km/h, the roof spoiler automatically moves to the performance position with an angle of +1 degree, thereby increasing driving stability and lateral dynamics. When in the Sport and Sport Plus driving modes, the roof spoiler automatically moves to the performance position at speeds of 55 mph/90 km/h upwards. PAA also provides active assistance by adapting the roof spoiler’s angle of inclination to +26 degrees when the panoramic sliding roof is open at a speed of 55 mph/90 km/h or above. In this case, the spoiler helps to minimise wind noise.

Clay model © Porsche
Cubing © Porsche
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Porsche Panamera 971 cubing
© Porsche
Porsche factory in Leipzig has been expanded many times since its opening in 2002. The photo shows the state in 2016. © Porsche

While the Panamera 970 bodies were manufactured and painted at the Volkswagen factory in Hanover (between 2009-2016), the Panamera 971 is fully produced at the factory in Leipzig.

© Porsche
© Porsche
2016 April 14: pre-production Panamera 971 with other 4-door Porsche-badged cars Macan and Cayenne © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
2016 September 29, Paris Motor Show (Mondial de l'Automobile) © Porsche
Turbo 4.0 (petrol version) © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
Turbo 4.0 (petrol version) © Porsche
Exclusive front spoiler © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 front quarter view
Sport Turismo © Porsche
Acid green brake callipers of the hybrid version© Porsche
Long wheelbase versions are marked with 'executive' script © Porsche
Panamera 4 Hybrid © Porsche
© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 roof spoiler
Roof spoiler © Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 rear quarter view
Panamera Turbo 4.0 V8 Sport Turismo © Porsche
Panamera Turbo 4.0 © Porsche
Panamera 4S © Porsche
Panoramic roof © Porsche
3-piece rear spoiler of the Panamera Turbo 4.0 © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 top view, panoramic roof
© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 rear view
© Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 rear gate open
Sport Turismo © Porsche
2017 Panamera Turbo 971 spoiler moving
Panamera Turbo V8 rear 3-piece moving spoiler taking position © Porsche
Panamera 971 Turbo S e-hybrid
Turbo S on Nardo track © Porsche
© Porsche
Single piece rear spoiler of the regular Panamera versions © Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo moving roof spoiler
World's first moving roof spoiler of Panamera Sport Turismo © Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 rear gate open
Sport Turismo © Porsche
Panamera Turbo S e-hybrid logo
Turbo S is only available as a hybrid, showing the future © Porsche
3D design rear lamps © Porsche
Panoramic roof is standard on Executive versions© Porsche
Black window trim, black tinted rear lamps, black wheels, black door handles, black mirrors and other individualization measures from Porsche Exclusive department © Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 side view
Sport Turismo © Porsche
Wheels from Porsche Exclusive © Porsche
Short wheelbase (SWB) vs. long wheelbase (LWB) Executive version (5.9"/15cm longer door)© Porsche
Extended wheelbase version is 205"/5.2 m long© Porsche
The brake discs on the Turbo 4.0 TFSI measure 410 mm at the front and 380 mm at the rear. Other versions have 360 mm at the front and 330 mm at the rear. The PCCB Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes have a diameter of 420 mm at the front and 390 mm at the rear. PCCB features 10-piston calipers on the front axle. © Porsche
The Porsche roofline © Porsche
Peter Varga, Head of exterior design, Style Porsche © Porsche
Michael Mauer, Head of Style Porsche © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
The 710 W Bose sound system has 14 loudspeakers including a 160 W subwoofer © Porsche
'turbo' logos on the headrests are standard on Panamera Turbo 4.0 TFSI (not on the 4.0 TDI)© Porsche
Optional Alcantara ceiling, red seat belts, Porsche logo on the headrest © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
Pressing the button in the centre of the mode switch primes the engine and transmission for the fastest possible unleashing of power (for overtaking) for a period of 20 seconds © Porsche
Real tachometer in the center, but other instruments are virtual on the left and right high-resolution screens© Porsche
Shot taken just at the time of starting the car - the areas to the left and right of the tachometer are fully black when the car is turned off and they become alive in a quite spectaular way starting with the appearance of the virtual outer rings of the virtual instruments © Porsche
Panamera Turbo S e-hybrid instrument panel
Panamera Turbo S e-hybrid. Instead of the two right side digital gauges the navigation map or night vision can be displayed, but the problem is that they are heavily concealed by the rim of the steering wheel.© Porsche
2017 Panamera 4 e-hybrid instrument panel
Panamera 4 e-hybrid. In reality view on the the navigation screen is heavily disturbed by the steering wheel.© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
1455 W Burmester sound system has 21 loudspeakers including a 400 W subwoofer. The borders of the loudspeaker trims are illuminated in white or in conjunction with optional ambient lighting in a choice of 7 colours. © Porsche
Panamera 971 Turbo S e-hybrid door sill
© Porsche
© Porsche
The optional rear screens are finally removable and can be held in hands for more natural viewing angle © Porsche
Long wheelbase version has cup holders on top of the center console © Porsche
The panoramic roof is not exactly 'panoramic' © Porsche
© Porsche
With the optional 4-zone automatic climate control the passengers in the rear also have a touchscreen display © Porsche
© Porsche
Optional folding table in the long wheelbase version © Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
© Porsche
Long wheelbase version has plenty of room at the back © Porsche
Panamera Sport Turismo 2017 2018 rear seat 4+1
"2+1" rear seat of the Sport Turismo. The edges of the left and right seat are not so sporty as on the regular Panamera as the Sport Turismo has a theorethical seating position also in the middle. Rear seats known from the regular Panamera are optionally available. © Porsche
© Porsche
Turbochargers between the V© Porsche
8-speed PDK Porsche Doppelkupplung gearbox© Porsche
Panamera PDCCS Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control Sport
PDCCS Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control Sport. The system used hydraulics on the 970, but is electric from 971.© Porsche
Rear axle steering © Porsche
Hybrid© Porsche
Electric motor© Porsche
The clever LED Matrix headlights with 84 LEDs can reduce the beams showing on other cars, but at the same time have full lighting elsewhere© Porsche
Wheels: 19" S/4S, 20" Panamera Turbo, 20" Panamera Design, 21" Sport Design, 21" 911 Turbo Design © Porsche
Panamera 971 wheels
© Porsche
Panamera 971 Turbo S e-hybrid European and American (USA) version
Turbo S, European and American version © Porsche

Prototype photos

Despite the disguise, the silhouette can be seen and is good - the hump is removed from the roof© Porsche
Headlamps with disguise© Porsche

Nürburgring Nordschleife lap record for 4-door cars

In the hands of Porsche test driver Lars Kern, the prototype of the 2017 model year Panamera Turbo 4.0 was able to lap the Nürburgring Nordschleife in just 7 minutes and 38 seconds. The previous record for 4-door cars was from 2015 when Alfa Romeo Giulia Quadrifoglio (2.9V6 turbo 375 kW, 6-speed manual, 1555 kg DIN) did it in 7:39.

© Porsche
The car was equipped with roll cage and racing seat © Porsche
© Porsche
Head of the Panamera model line, Gernot Döllner and test driver Lars Kern © Porsche

© James Herne / Stuttcars.com


Sales catalogues

PDF 2016/06 Panamera 4S, Diesel, Turbo (6 MB)

PDF 2016/06 Panamera 4S, Diesel, Turbo In German/Deutsch (6 MB)


Continue to Panamera 971 option codes
Anniversaries
Aug, 1978th birthday of the type 64 (1939)
Aug, 29 – 52nd birthday of the 906 (1965)
Sep, 03 – 142nd birthday anniversary of Ferdinand Porsche (1875)
Sep, 08 – 49th birthday of the 909 (1968)
Sep, 09 – 24th birthday of the 911 993 (1993)